Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents of children ages 6 to 16 in 31 societies

Leslie Rescorla, Thomas Achenbach, Masha Y. Ivanova, Levent Dumenci, Fredrik Almqvist, Niels Bilenberg, Hector Bird, Wei Chen, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döpfner, Nese Erol, Eric Fombonne, Antonio Fonseca, Alessandra Frigerio, Hans Grietens, Helga Hannesdottir, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Michael Lambert, Bo Larsson, Patrick LeungXianchen Liu, Asghar Minaei, Mesfin S. Mulatu, Torunn S. Novik, Kyung Ja Oh, Alexandra Roussos, Michael Sawyer, Zeynep Simsek, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Sheila Weintraub, John Weisz, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Hao Jan Yang, Nelly Zilber, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank Verhulst

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    Abstract

    This study compared parents' ratings of behavioral and emotional problems on the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991; Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001) for general population samples of children ages 6 to 16 from 31 societies (N = 55,508). Effect sizes for society ranged from .03 to .14. Effect sizes for gender were ≤ .01, with girls generally scoring higher on Internalizing problems and boys generally scoring higher on Externalizing problems. Effect sizes for age were ≤ .01 and varied across types of problems. Total Problems scores for 19 of 31 societies were within 1 SD of the overall mean of 22.5. Bisociety correlations for mean item scores averaged .74. The findings indicate that parents' reports of children's problems were similar in many ways across highly diverse societies. Nonetheless, effect sizes for society were larger than those for gender and age, indicating the need to take account of multicultural variations in parents' reports of children's problems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)130-142
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
    Volume15
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

    Cite this

    Rescorla, L., Achenbach, T., Ivanova, M. Y., Dumenci, L., Almqvist, F., Bilenberg, N., Bird, H., Chen, W., Dobrean, A., Döpfner, M., Erol, N., Fombonne, E., Fonseca, A., Frigerio, A., Grietens, H., Hannesdottir, H., Kanbayashi, Y., Lambert, M., Larsson, B., ... Verhulst, F. (2007). Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents of children ages 6 to 16 in 31 societies. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 15(3), 130-142. https://doi.org/10.1177/10634266070150030101