Career outcomes of adolescents with below average IQ: Who succeeded against the odds?

Lars R. Bergman, Laura Ferrer-Wreder, Rita Žukauskiene

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The educational and vocational careers of adolescents with below average IQ were studied in a sample of Swedish adolescents (N. = 1326), born in 1955 and followed from early adolescence to midlife. Compared to those with average IQ, the level of education and occupational status achieved by those with below average IQ were, generally, considerably lower. This was the case, in particular, for female participants in the lowest IQ group. No significant relationships were found between parents' socioeconomic status and educational level, income, or occupational status in midlife for adolescents with low IQ (lowest 20%). When those with a successful educational or vocational career were compared to others on a number of competence factors, own educational aspirations stood out as the factor that differed most within each IQ group between those who succeeded and those who did not. The differences were largest for those of low IQ (effect sizes 0.4-1.6). These findings were consistent with results from multiple regression analyses, which, for instance, showed that, within the low IQ group and controlling for confounders, the only significant predictor of career outcomes was educational aspirations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-17
    Number of pages9
    JournalIntelligence
    Volume52
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

    Fingerprint

    Social Class
    Mental Competency
    Parents
    Regression Analysis
    Education
    Aspirations (Psychology)
    Aspiration
    Effect Size
    Predictors
    Multiple Regression
    Level of Education
    Income
    Socioeconomic Status
    Adolescence

    Keywords

    • Competence
    • Educational aspirations
    • Longitudinal
    • Low IQ

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

    Career outcomes of adolescents with below average IQ : Who succeeded against the odds? / Bergman, Lars R.; Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Žukauskiene, Rita.

    In: Intelligence, Vol. 52, 01.09.2015, p. 9-17.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{20bd32388b6d46de93c0a0eb7ec234e6,
    title = "Career outcomes of adolescents with below average IQ: Who succeeded against the odds?",
    abstract = "The educational and vocational careers of adolescents with below average IQ were studied in a sample of Swedish adolescents (N. = 1326), born in 1955 and followed from early adolescence to midlife. Compared to those with average IQ, the level of education and occupational status achieved by those with below average IQ were, generally, considerably lower. This was the case, in particular, for female participants in the lowest IQ group. No significant relationships were found between parents' socioeconomic status and educational level, income, or occupational status in midlife for adolescents with low IQ (lowest 20{\%}). When those with a successful educational or vocational career were compared to others on a number of competence factors, own educational aspirations stood out as the factor that differed most within each IQ group between those who succeeded and those who did not. The differences were largest for those of low IQ (effect sizes 0.4-1.6). These findings were consistent with results from multiple regression analyses, which, for instance, showed that, within the low IQ group and controlling for confounders, the only significant predictor of career outcomes was educational aspirations.",
    keywords = "Competence, Educational aspirations, Longitudinal, Low IQ",
    author = "Bergman, {Lars R.} and Laura Ferrer-Wreder and Rita Žukauskiene",
    year = "2015",
    month = "9",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/j.intell.2015.06.003",
    language = "English",
    volume = "52",
    pages = "9--17",
    journal = "Intelligence",
    issn = "0160-2896",
    publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Career outcomes of adolescents with below average IQ

    T2 - Who succeeded against the odds?

    AU - Bergman, Lars R.

    AU - Ferrer-Wreder, Laura

    AU - Žukauskiene, Rita

    PY - 2015/9/1

    Y1 - 2015/9/1

    N2 - The educational and vocational careers of adolescents with below average IQ were studied in a sample of Swedish adolescents (N. = 1326), born in 1955 and followed from early adolescence to midlife. Compared to those with average IQ, the level of education and occupational status achieved by those with below average IQ were, generally, considerably lower. This was the case, in particular, for female participants in the lowest IQ group. No significant relationships were found between parents' socioeconomic status and educational level, income, or occupational status in midlife for adolescents with low IQ (lowest 20%). When those with a successful educational or vocational career were compared to others on a number of competence factors, own educational aspirations stood out as the factor that differed most within each IQ group between those who succeeded and those who did not. The differences were largest for those of low IQ (effect sizes 0.4-1.6). These findings were consistent with results from multiple regression analyses, which, for instance, showed that, within the low IQ group and controlling for confounders, the only significant predictor of career outcomes was educational aspirations.

    AB - The educational and vocational careers of adolescents with below average IQ were studied in a sample of Swedish adolescents (N. = 1326), born in 1955 and followed from early adolescence to midlife. Compared to those with average IQ, the level of education and occupational status achieved by those with below average IQ were, generally, considerably lower. This was the case, in particular, for female participants in the lowest IQ group. No significant relationships were found between parents' socioeconomic status and educational level, income, or occupational status in midlife for adolescents with low IQ (lowest 20%). When those with a successful educational or vocational career were compared to others on a number of competence factors, own educational aspirations stood out as the factor that differed most within each IQ group between those who succeeded and those who did not. The differences were largest for those of low IQ (effect sizes 0.4-1.6). These findings were consistent with results from multiple regression analyses, which, for instance, showed that, within the low IQ group and controlling for confounders, the only significant predictor of career outcomes was educational aspirations.

    KW - Competence

    KW - Educational aspirations

    KW - Longitudinal

    KW - Low IQ

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84935022609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84935022609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.intell.2015.06.003

    DO - 10.1016/j.intell.2015.06.003

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84935022609

    VL - 52

    SP - 9

    EP - 17

    JO - Intelligence

    JF - Intelligence

    SN - 0160-2896

    ER -