Comparing the incomparable : trust in media and state institutions

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Expressions of public trust in media and state institutions are contradictive; their comparison should be evaluated with certain reservations. In order to compare trust in media and state institutions throughout Europe, a very simple Comparative Media Trust Index (CMTI) was designed. The CMTI is based on comparison of trust in five state institutions and three media types, and was used for a pilot analysis to compare trust in media and state institutions throughout Europe. For this analysis, the level of ‘gross trust’ (which was calculated by summing up trust in media and the three most trusted state institutions) was taken into account. The research helped identify four models of trust (Transitional, Nordic, Post-communist and Mediterranean) which were compared with three media systems proposed by Daniel Hallin and Paolo Mancini. The first insights gained through the CMTI regarding the balance between trust in media and state institutions throughout Europe could lead to rather optimistic conclusions. In experienced democracies, primary trust is placed in democratically elected state institutions, and trust in media could be characterised as secondary. Countries with fresh reminiscences of a totalitarian past still live in a transitional period where the understanding of the roles of the state and the media is influenced by negative memories of distrust in elected bodies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)125-144
    JournalCommunication management quarterly
    Issue number25
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    media trust
    media system
    reminiscence
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    Keywords

    • Trust
    • Media
    • Media system

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    Comparing the incomparable : trust in media and state institutions. / Aleknonis, Gintaras.

    In: Communication management quarterly, No. 25, 2013, p. 125-144.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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