Comparison of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage costs in Lithuania

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Abstract

Nuclear power and carbon capture and storage (CCS) are key greenhouse gas mitigation options under consideration across the world. Both technologies imply long-term waste management challenge. Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO 2) and nuclear waste has much in common, and valuable lessons can be learnt from a comparison. Seeking to compare these technologies economic, social and environmental criteria need to be selected and expressed in terms of indicators. Very important issue is costs and economics of geological storage of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste. The costs of storage are one of the main indicators for assessment of technologies in terms of economic criteria. The paper defines the costs of the geological storage of CO 2 and nuclear waste in Lithuania, drawing also on insights from other parts of the world. The costs of carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage are evaluated in UScnt/kWh and compared. The paper critically compares the characteristics and location of the both sources of and storage options for CO 2 and nuclear waste in Lithuania. It discusses the main costs categories for carbon dioxide and nuclear waste storage. The full range of potential geological storage options is considered and the most reliable options for carbon dioxide and nuclear waste are selected for the comparative costs assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2434-2445
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Costs
  • Geological storage
  • Nuclear waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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