Comparison of geological disposal of co2and nuclear waste technologies in Lithuania

Dalia Streimikiene, Asta Mikalauskiene, Rasa Pusinaite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change mitigation options in energy sector are related with various strategies to reduce carbon emissions via carbon capture and storage, enhanced efficiency of energy generation and use, application of low-carbon fuels, use of renewable energy sources and nuclear energy. Many discussions on pots-Kyoto GHG emission reduction strategies and energy options have raised the increasing role of nuclear power in enhancing energy security and mitigating climate change together with concerns over disposal of nuclear waste. In addition the increasing interest in carbon capture and the geological storage of CO 2 has brought up a range of questions as well. Lithuania is currently dealing with two major problems in energy sector: final closure of Ignalina Nuclear Power plant (Ignalina NPP) in the end of 2009 and nuclear waste disposal and climate change mitigation issues because of the replacement of nuclear capacities with fossil one and anticipated increase in GHG emissions. Lithuania has two main options in energy sector: to construct new nuclear power plant also taking into account nuclear waste disposal problems or to burn imported fossil fuel and to apply carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies for GHG emission reduction. These two main options should be carefully investigated in Lithuania based on various studies conducted in Lithuania and other countries dealing with geological carbon storage and nuclear waste disposal potentials. There are no long-lived nuclear waste geological storage capacities in Lithuania and there is no pilot projects on CCS developed in Lithuania; therefore, there are no experience in this field The aim of the article is to review the state-of-the-art in geological CO2 and nuclear waste storage fields focusing on the assessment of comparative similarities and differences of the geological disposal of CO2 and nuclear waste and to perform comparison of these technologies possible application in Lithuania.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalTransformations in Business and Economics
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lithuania
energy
waste disposal
climate change
nuclear power plant
nuclear energy
nuclear power
energy source
pilot project
renewable energy
Disposal
efficiency
experience

Keywords

  • Co capture and storage
  • Co storage potential in lithuania
  • Nuclear waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Business and International Management
  • Marketing
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Comparison of geological disposal of co2and nuclear waste technologies in Lithuania. / Streimikiene, Dalia; Mikalauskiene, Asta; Pusinaite, Rasa.

In: Transformations in Business and Economics, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2010, p. 119-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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