Epidemiological Comparisons of Problems and Positive Qualities Reported by Adolescents in 24 Countries

Leslie Rescorla, Thomas M. Achenbach, Masha Y. Ivanova, Levent Dumenci, Fredrik Almqvist, Niels Bilenberg, Hector Bird, Anders Broberg, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döpfner, Nese Erol, Maria Forns, Helga Hannesdottir, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Michael C. Lambert, Patrick Leung, Asghar Minaei, Mesfin S. Mulatu, Torunn S. Novik, Kyung Ja OhAlexandra Roussos, Michael Sawyer, Zeynep Simsek, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Sheila Weintraub, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Nelly Zilber, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank Verhulst

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    137 Citations (Scopus)


    In this study, the authors compared ratings of behavioral and emotional problems and positive qualities on the Youth Self-Report (T. M. Achenbach & L. A. Rescorla, 2001) by adolescents in general population samples from 24 countries (N = 27,206). For problem scales, country effect sizes (ESs) ranged from 3% to 9%, whereas those for gender and age ranged from less than 1% to 2%. Scores were significantly higher for girls than for boys on Internalizing Problems and significantly higher for boys than for girls on Externalizing Problems. Bicountry correlations for mean problem item scores averaged .69. For Total Problems, 17 of 24 countries scored within one standard deviation of the overall mean of 35.3. In the 19 countries for which parent ratings were also available, the mean of 20.5 for parent ratings was far lower than the self-report mean of 34.0 in the same 19 countries (d = 2.5). Results indicate considerable consistency across 24 countries in adolescents' self-reported problems but less consistency for positive qualities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)351-358
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007



    • adolescents
    • cross-cultural
    • self-reported problems
    • YSR

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Clinical Psychology

    Cite this

    Rescorla, L., Achenbach, T. M., Ivanova, M. Y., Dumenci, L., Almqvist, F., Bilenberg, N., Bird, H., Broberg, A., Dobrean, A., Döpfner, M., Erol, N., Forns, M., Hannesdottir, H., Kanbayashi, Y., Lambert, M. C., Leung, P., Minaei, A., Mulatu, M. S., Novik, T. S., ... Verhulst, F. (2007). Epidemiological Comparisons of Problems and Positive Qualities Reported by Adolescents in 24 Countries. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(2), 351-358. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.75.2.351