Identity Styles, Positive Youth Development, and Civic Engagement in Adolescence

Elisabetta Crocetti, Rasa Erentaitė, Rita Žukauskienė

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Identity formation is a core developmental task of adolescence. Adolescents can rely on different social-cognitive styles to seek, process, and encode self-relevant information: information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant identity styles. The reliance on different styles might impact adolescents’ adjustment and their active involvement in the society. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents with different identity styles report differences in positive youth development (analyzed with the Five Cs—Competence, Confidence, Character, Connection, and Caring—model) and in various forms of civic engagement (i.e., involvement in school self-government activities, volunteering activities, youth political organizations, and youth non-political organizations). The participants were 1,633 (54.1 % female) 14–19 years old adolescents (Mage = 16.56, SDage = 1.22). The findings indicated that adolescents with different identity styles differed significantly on all the Five Cs and on two (i.e., involvement in volunteering activities and in youth non-political organizations) forms of civic engagement. Briefly, adolescents with an information-oriented style reported high levels of both the Five Cs and civic engagement; participants with a normative style reported moderate to high scores on the Five Cs but low rates of civic engagement; diffuse-avoidant respondents scored low both on the Five Cs and on civic engagement. These findings suggest that the information-oriented style, contrary to the diffuse-avoidant one, has beneficial effects for both the individual and the community, while the normative style has quite beneficial effects for the individual but not for his/her community. Concluding, adolescents with different identity styles display meaningful differences in positive youth development and in rates of civic engagement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1818-1828
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
    Volume43
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 9 2014

    Fingerprint

    adolescence
    adolescent
    Organizations
    identity formation
    community
    confidence
    Politics
    school

    Keywords

    • Civic engagement
    • Five Cs
    • Gender
    • Identity styles
    • Positive youth development

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Social Psychology
    • Education
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Identity Styles, Positive Youth Development, and Civic Engagement in Adolescence. / Crocetti, Elisabetta; Erentaitė, Rasa; Žukauskienė, Rita.

    In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 43, No. 11, 09.10.2014, p. 1818-1828.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{ef692567350548fdb1be8b489e698c3d,
    title = "Identity Styles, Positive Youth Development, and Civic Engagement in Adolescence",
    abstract = "Identity formation is a core developmental task of adolescence. Adolescents can rely on different social-cognitive styles to seek, process, and encode self-relevant information: information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant identity styles. The reliance on different styles might impact adolescents’ adjustment and their active involvement in the society. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents with different identity styles report differences in positive youth development (analyzed with the Five Cs—Competence, Confidence, Character, Connection, and Caring—model) and in various forms of civic engagement (i.e., involvement in school self-government activities, volunteering activities, youth political organizations, and youth non-political organizations). The participants were 1,633 (54.1 {\%} female) 14–19 years old adolescents (Mage = 16.56, SDage = 1.22). The findings indicated that adolescents with different identity styles differed significantly on all the Five Cs and on two (i.e., involvement in volunteering activities and in youth non-political organizations) forms of civic engagement. Briefly, adolescents with an information-oriented style reported high levels of both the Five Cs and civic engagement; participants with a normative style reported moderate to high scores on the Five Cs but low rates of civic engagement; diffuse-avoidant respondents scored low both on the Five Cs and on civic engagement. These findings suggest that the information-oriented style, contrary to the diffuse-avoidant one, has beneficial effects for both the individual and the community, while the normative style has quite beneficial effects for the individual but not for his/her community. Concluding, adolescents with different identity styles display meaningful differences in positive youth development and in rates of civic engagement.",
    keywords = "Civic engagement, Five Cs, Gender, Identity styles, Positive youth development",
    author = "Elisabetta Crocetti and Rasa Erentaitė and Rita Žukauskienė",
    year = "2014",
    month = "10",
    day = "9",
    doi = "10.1007/s10964-014-0100-4",
    language = "English",
    volume = "43",
    pages = "1818--1828",
    journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
    issn = "0047-2891",
    publisher = "Springer New York",
    number = "11",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Identity Styles, Positive Youth Development, and Civic Engagement in Adolescence

    AU - Crocetti, Elisabetta

    AU - Erentaitė, Rasa

    AU - Žukauskienė, Rita

    PY - 2014/10/9

    Y1 - 2014/10/9

    N2 - Identity formation is a core developmental task of adolescence. Adolescents can rely on different social-cognitive styles to seek, process, and encode self-relevant information: information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant identity styles. The reliance on different styles might impact adolescents’ adjustment and their active involvement in the society. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents with different identity styles report differences in positive youth development (analyzed with the Five Cs—Competence, Confidence, Character, Connection, and Caring—model) and in various forms of civic engagement (i.e., involvement in school self-government activities, volunteering activities, youth political organizations, and youth non-political organizations). The participants were 1,633 (54.1 % female) 14–19 years old adolescents (Mage = 16.56, SDage = 1.22). The findings indicated that adolescents with different identity styles differed significantly on all the Five Cs and on two (i.e., involvement in volunteering activities and in youth non-political organizations) forms of civic engagement. Briefly, adolescents with an information-oriented style reported high levels of both the Five Cs and civic engagement; participants with a normative style reported moderate to high scores on the Five Cs but low rates of civic engagement; diffuse-avoidant respondents scored low both on the Five Cs and on civic engagement. These findings suggest that the information-oriented style, contrary to the diffuse-avoidant one, has beneficial effects for both the individual and the community, while the normative style has quite beneficial effects for the individual but not for his/her community. Concluding, adolescents with different identity styles display meaningful differences in positive youth development and in rates of civic engagement.

    AB - Identity formation is a core developmental task of adolescence. Adolescents can rely on different social-cognitive styles to seek, process, and encode self-relevant information: information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant identity styles. The reliance on different styles might impact adolescents’ adjustment and their active involvement in the society. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents with different identity styles report differences in positive youth development (analyzed with the Five Cs—Competence, Confidence, Character, Connection, and Caring—model) and in various forms of civic engagement (i.e., involvement in school self-government activities, volunteering activities, youth political organizations, and youth non-political organizations). The participants were 1,633 (54.1 % female) 14–19 years old adolescents (Mage = 16.56, SDage = 1.22). The findings indicated that adolescents with different identity styles differed significantly on all the Five Cs and on two (i.e., involvement in volunteering activities and in youth non-political organizations) forms of civic engagement. Briefly, adolescents with an information-oriented style reported high levels of both the Five Cs and civic engagement; participants with a normative style reported moderate to high scores on the Five Cs but low rates of civic engagement; diffuse-avoidant respondents scored low both on the Five Cs and on civic engagement. These findings suggest that the information-oriented style, contrary to the diffuse-avoidant one, has beneficial effects for both the individual and the community, while the normative style has quite beneficial effects for the individual but not for his/her community. Concluding, adolescents with different identity styles display meaningful differences in positive youth development and in rates of civic engagement.

    KW - Civic engagement

    KW - Five Cs

    KW - Gender

    KW - Identity styles

    KW - Positive youth development

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924219710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924219710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s10964-014-0100-4

    DO - 10.1007/s10964-014-0100-4

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 24488126

    AN - SCOPUS:84924219710

    VL - 43

    SP - 1818

    EP - 1828

    JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

    JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

    SN - 0047-2891

    IS - 11

    ER -