The societal evolution since the last decades of 20th century until recently has called for and brought a number of signifi cant political terms into popular usage. This article offers the overview of some relevant new terms, neologisms, in Spanish and the English language, as well as those terms that have acquired new meaning over the given period. The researched terms are subdivided into categories related to spheres of general government policy, environmental policy and family policy. The profound impact of new technologies in the confi guration of current societies through its terminology is also covered. The background political and social context is given for the full understanding of designated concepts. The paper is believed to be of interest not only for teachers/learners of the Spanish and English languages and linguists, but also for students and professionals in the fields of Politics, Public Administration, History and Communication.