Reciprocal associations between identity and civic engagement in adolescence

a two-wave longitudinal study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this two-wave longitudinal study was to analyze reciprocal associations between identity styles (i.e., socio-cognitive strategies that individuals adopt in processing, structuring, utilizing, and revising self-relevant information) and civic engagement in adolescence. Participants were 1,308 high school students (9–11 grades; 52.9% girls). Findings of cross-lagged models indicated reciprocal associations between identity styles and civic engagement. Specifically, each identity style (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) predicted changes in later levels of civic engagement, and civic engagement lessened later reliance on one of three identity styles (i.e., the diffuse-avoidant style). Therefore, effects of identity on civic engagement were stronger than effects of civic engagement on identity. From a practical perspective, these findings underline that interventions aimed at facilitating reliance on various identity styles are likely to have effects also on civic participation and civic experiences are likely to reduce adolescents’ avoidance of identity issues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-124
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Sciences
Volume8
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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adolescence
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Students
adolescent
participation
school
experience
student

Keywords

  • Identity styles
  • Civic engagement
  • Longitudinal study

Cite this

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title = "Reciprocal associations between identity and civic engagement in adolescence: a two-wave longitudinal study",
abstract = "The purpose of this two-wave longitudinal study was to analyze reciprocal associations between identity styles (i.e., socio-cognitive strategies that individuals adopt in processing, structuring, utilizing, and revising self-relevant information) and civic engagement in adolescence. Participants were 1,308 high school students (9–11 grades; 52.9{\%} girls). Findings of cross-lagged models indicated reciprocal associations between identity styles and civic engagement. Specifically, each identity style (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) predicted changes in later levels of civic engagement, and civic engagement lessened later reliance on one of three identity styles (i.e., the diffuse-avoidant style). Therefore, effects of identity on civic engagement were stronger than effects of civic engagement on identity. From a practical perspective, these findings underline that interventions aimed at facilitating reliance on various identity styles are likely to have effects also on civic participation and civic experiences are likely to reduce adolescents’ avoidance of identity issues.",
keywords = "Identity styles, Civic engagement, Longitudinal study",
author = "Elisabetta Crocetti and Renata Garckija and Ingrida Gabrialaviciute and Rimantas Vosylis and Rita Zukauskiene",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Reciprocal associations between identity and civic engagement in adolescence

T2 - a two-wave longitudinal study

AU - Crocetti, Elisabetta

AU - Garckija, Renata

AU - Gabrialaviciute, Ingrida

AU - Vosylis, Rimantas

AU - Zukauskiene, Rita

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The purpose of this two-wave longitudinal study was to analyze reciprocal associations between identity styles (i.e., socio-cognitive strategies that individuals adopt in processing, structuring, utilizing, and revising self-relevant information) and civic engagement in adolescence. Participants were 1,308 high school students (9–11 grades; 52.9% girls). Findings of cross-lagged models indicated reciprocal associations between identity styles and civic engagement. Specifically, each identity style (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) predicted changes in later levels of civic engagement, and civic engagement lessened later reliance on one of three identity styles (i.e., the diffuse-avoidant style). Therefore, effects of identity on civic engagement were stronger than effects of civic engagement on identity. From a practical perspective, these findings underline that interventions aimed at facilitating reliance on various identity styles are likely to have effects also on civic participation and civic experiences are likely to reduce adolescents’ avoidance of identity issues.

AB - The purpose of this two-wave longitudinal study was to analyze reciprocal associations between identity styles (i.e., socio-cognitive strategies that individuals adopt in processing, structuring, utilizing, and revising self-relevant information) and civic engagement in adolescence. Participants were 1,308 high school students (9–11 grades; 52.9% girls). Findings of cross-lagged models indicated reciprocal associations between identity styles and civic engagement. Specifically, each identity style (i.e., information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) predicted changes in later levels of civic engagement, and civic engagement lessened later reliance on one of three identity styles (i.e., the diffuse-avoidant style). Therefore, effects of identity on civic engagement were stronger than effects of civic engagement on identity. From a practical perspective, these findings underline that interventions aimed at facilitating reliance on various identity styles are likely to have effects also on civic participation and civic experiences are likely to reduce adolescents’ avoidance of identity issues.

KW - Identity styles

KW - Civic engagement

KW - Longitudinal study

M3 - Article

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JO - International Journal of Developmental Sciences

JF - International Journal of Developmental Sciences

SN - 2192-001X

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