Review of financial support from EU Structural Funds to sustainable energy in Baltic States

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Abstract

The paper focuses on financial support from EU Structural Funds to sustainable energy development in Baltic States. The paper aims to compare the use of Structural Funds support for sustainable energy development in Baltic States in two financing periods: 2007-2013 and 2014-2020 and to assess the impact of EU structural support in helping Baltic States to implement energy efficiency and renewable energy development targets set in EU energy policy documents. The paper analyses EU sustainable energy policy priorities and energy efficiency and renewable energy targets set for Baltic States and compares progress achieved in implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy targets in Baltic States after EU accession. The paper found that the EU Structural Funds have positively influenced the sustainable energy development in Baltic States. The major impact was related with increase in energy productivity because of energy savings achieved in refurbishment of residential buildings. Lithuania has achieved the biggest progress in energy productivity development since 2004 among Baltic States. Estonia was the only country from Baltic States which has allocated structural aid for promotion of wind energy and achieved the best results in increase of the share of renewables (mainly wind) in electricity generation. Latvia has the highest share of renewable in electricity generation structure and final energy consumption and did not provide support for renewable in 2007-2014 however support for biomass is foreseen in 2014-2020 financing period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1038
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Baltic States
  • Energy efficiency
  • Renewable energy
  • Structural Funds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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