Sodium is not required for chloride efflux via chloride/bicarbonate exchanger from rat thymic lymphocytes

Donatas Stakišaitis, Vaidevutis Meilus, Paulius Matusevicius, Janina Didžiapetrienė

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    Sodium-dependent Cl−/HCO3− exchanger acts as a chloride (Cl−) efflux in lymphocytes. Its functional characterization had been described when Cl− efflux was measured upon substituting extracellular sodium (Na+) by N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDG). For Na+ and Cl− substitution, we have used D-mannitol or NMDG. Thymocytes of male Wistar rats aged 7–9 weeks were used and intracellular Cl− was measured by spectrofluorimetry using MQAE dye in bicarbonate buffers. Chloride efflux was measured in a Cl−-free buffer (Cl− substituted with isethionate acid), in Na+ and Cl−-free buffer with D-mannitol or with NMDG. The data have shown that Cl− efflux is mediated in the absence of Na+ in a solution containing D-mannitol and is inhibited by H2DIDS. Mathematical modelling has shown that Cl− efflux mathematical model parameters (relative membrane permeability, relative rate of exchanger transition, exchanger efficacy) were the same in control and in the medium in which Na+ had been substituted by D-mannitol. The net Cl– efflux was completely blocked in the NMDG buffer. The same blockage of Cl− efflux was caused by H2DIDS. The study results allow concluding that Na+ is not required for Cl− efflux via Cl−/HCO3− exchanger. NMDG in buffers cannot be used for substituting Na+ because NMDG inhibits the exchanger.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    JournalBioMed Research International
    Publication statusPublished - 2014



    • Chloride-bicarbonate antiporters
    • T-Lymphocytes
    • Meglumine
    • Rats

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