Some problems in the reform of expert institutions in Lithuania

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The history of the Republic of Lithuania is divided into three periods: independent Republic (1918-1940), soviet times (1940-1990), the period after the restoration of independence (since 1990). Based on the three periods the development of expert institutions in Lithuania is overviewed and topical problems are disclosed. Activities of expert institutions during the last decade and emerging problems are being analysed most widely. The state of forensic expert institutions is also given. Presently there are following expert institutions in Lithuania: The Institute of Forensic Examination by the Ministry of Justice, the office of Criminalistic Examination by the Criminal Police, State forensic and narcological service by the Ministry of Healthcare, association of goods examination. Problems of forensic examination in the Republic of Lithuania are analysed in three ways: - improvement of expert institutions in Lithuania, - amendments of the legal basis, - preparation of experts and qualification upgrading. The model of system of forensic institutions is provided. Laws regulating expert activities are analysed and suggestions on how to improve these laws are made. Recently drafts of the Code of Criminal Procedure and the law on forensic examination have been prepared. Regulations changing the place of examination in the criminal procedure are also analysed. The present system of expert preparation is analysed and an original model of expert preparation is presented. The article provides opinion regarding development of expert institutions including private research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalZ Zagadnien Nauk Sadowych
Publication statusPublished - 2001



  • Criminal procedure
  • Expert institutions
  • Forensic examination

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