Sustainable energy development : trends of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Lithuanian agricultural sector

Alvydas Balezentis, Tomas Balezentis

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In 2008, about 4.2% of the total value added was generated by the Lithuanian agricultural sector. However, this sector produced some 21% of the total greenhouse gas emissions and consumed 2.3% of the total energy input. The measurement, assessment, and effective mitigation of energy intensity and greenhouse gas emission compose a foremost objective of contemporary energy policy. Moreover, the strategy Europe 2020 and particularly so called 20/20/20 targets require both 20% reduction in GHG emission and energy efficiency increase which should cause reduction in energy consumption. It is therefore important to identify and estimate the underlying factors affecting trends of these phenomena in the Lithuanian agricultural sector. Our study, therefore, is aimed at analysing the energy intensity trends in the Lithuanian agricultural sector. The investigation covers the period of 1995–2008. The simplified Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index was applied for index decomposition analysis. The carried out resea rch identified generally positive trends of energy consumption and GHG emissions. The GHG emission reporting and mitigation, however, remain an especially important issue for Lithuanian agricultural sector. Further studies can be focused on revealing the impact of energy sources mix and livestock structure on the GHG emission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-91
JournalEconomics and management = Ekonomika ir vadyba
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011



  • Energy intensity
  • Energy efficiency
  • GHG emission

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