Systems thinking as intelligence competence and its relationship to leadership performance

Jonas E. Kvedaravičius, Aelita Skaržauskiene, Tomas Palaima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: To disclose the role of systems thinking as a competence in leadership. Findings: Correlational and regression analyses revealed that systems thinking competency was associated with higher leadership performance. Originality/value: This paper establishes a link between systems thinking and leadership performance. The relevance of systems thinking as a competence was disclosed in the context of leadership. Based on the analysis and synthesis of the scientific literature a conceptual model of relationship between intelligence competencies and leadership performance was developed. The theoretical model was supported by empirical evidence from the two industries perspectives: the paper compares the impact of systems thinking on leadership performance in manufacturing and retail trade enterprises. Design/methodology/ approach: The paper follows a quantitative research approach. Firstly, exploratory factor analysis was employed to assess the dimensionality of scales. Secondly, relationships between variables were explored using Spearman's correlation. Thirdly, multiple linear regression was run to test the hypothesized model of relationships. Research limitations/implications: The research is limited in few aspects. Firstly, the model was tested empirically only in two industries: in retail trade and in manufacturing. Secondly, the sample of this research was limited only to national level, therefore, there is no possibility to compare results across different countries. In order to generalize the research findings, further research should include more companies from different industries. Practical significance: The model along with the conception of competence development can be used practically as a tool in leadership assessment centre to identify level or leadership and to build an individual competence development plan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalProblems and Perspectives in Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Intelligence competencies
  • Leadership performance
  • Systems thinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Business and International Management

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