The association between aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial problems as measured with the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment: A study of 27,861 parent-adolescent dyads from 25 societies

S. Alexandra Burt, Leslie A. Rescorla, Thomas M. Achenbach, Masha Y. Ivanova, Fredrik Almqvist, Ivan Begovac, Niels Bilenberg, Hector Bird, Myriam Chahed, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döpfner, Nese Erol, Helga Hannesdottir, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Michael C. Lambert, Patrick W L Leung, Asghar Minaei, Torunn S. Novik, Kyung Ja Oh, Djaouida PetotJean Michel Petot, Rolando Pomalima, Vlasta Rudan, Michael Sawyer, Zeynep Simsek, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, José Valverde, Jan van der Ende, Sheila Weintraub, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Eugene Yuqing Zhang, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank C. Verhulst

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    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Aggression (e.g., assaulting others, bullying, oppositionality; AGG) and non-aggressive rule-breaking (e.g., lying, stealing, vandalism; RB) appear to constitute meaningfully distinct dimensions of antisocial behavior. Despite these differences, it is equally clear that AGG and RB are moderately-to-strongly intercorrelated with one another. To date, however, we have little insight into the sampling and methodologic characteristics that might moderate the association between AGG and RB. The current study sought to evaluate several such moderators (i.e., age, sex, informant, and society) in a sample of 27,861 parent-adolescent dyads from 25 societies. AGG and RB were assessed with the well-known Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001). Results revealed small effects of informant and adolescent sex, such that the association between AGG and RB was stronger for parents' reports than for adolescents' self-reports, and for boys than for girls. The association also varied by society. Unexpectedly, the specific operationalization of 'aggression' emerged as a particularly strong moderator, such that the association was stronger for a general measure of AGG than for a more focused measure of physical aggression per se. Such findings inform our understanding of similarities and differences between aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial problems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)86-92
    Number of pages7
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015



    • Adolescents
    • Aggression
    • Covariation
    • International
    • Non-aggressive rule-breaking

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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