This paper aims to define the essence of Europe and to determine the ways of thinking that it gives rise to. The definition of the essence of Europe is searched for while analysing the European anthropology that became prevalent there in the last two thousand years and that reveals itself as possible ways of thinking, referred to as “ways” in this paper, as well as the essence of the European thinking itself: the transcendental movement. The way of thinking that was prevalent in Europe until now exhausted only one of its possibilities: abstract rationality. Today this way of thinking is at its final stage: technological thinking which led to serious problems on the political, economical, social, ecological, and psychological levels of the globalised world but could not offer any solutions to those problems. New way of thinking, based on intuition to some extent, becomes possible in the light of a thorough analysis of the essence of Europe.