The Generalizability of the Youth Self-Report Syndrome Structure in 23 Societies

Masha Y. Ivanova, Thomas M. Achenbach, Leslie A. Rescorla, Levent Dumenci, Fredrik Almqvist, Niels Bilenberg, Hector Bird, Anders G. Broberg, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döpfner, Nese Erol, Maria Forns, Helga Hannesdottir, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Michael C. Lambert, Patrick Leung, Asghar Minaei, Mesfin S. Mulatu, Torunn Novik, Kyung Ja OhAlexandra Roussos, Michael Sawyer, Zeynep Simsek, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Sheila Weintraub, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Nelly Zilber, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank C. Verhulst

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    167 Citations (Scopus)


    As a basis for theories of psychopathology, clinical psychology and related disciplines need sound taxonomies that are generalizable across diverse populations. To test the generalizability of a statistically derived 8-syndrome taxonomic model for youth psychopathology, confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were performed on the Youth Self-Report (T. M. Achenbach & L. A. Rescorla, 2001) completed by 30,243 youths 11-18 years old from 23 societies. The 8-syndrome taxonomic model met criteria for good fit to the data from each society. This was consistent with findings for the parent-completed Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001) and the teacher-completed Teacher's Report Form (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001) from many societies. Separate CFAs by gender and age group supported the 8-syndrome model for boys and girls and for younger and older youths within individual societies. The findings provide initial support for the taxonomic generalizability of the 8-syndrome model across very diverse societies, both genders, and 2 age groups.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)729-738
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007



    • multicultural
    • psychopathology
    • taxonomy
    • Youth Self-Report
    • youths

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Clinical Psychology

    Cite this

    Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., Dumenci, L., Almqvist, F., Bilenberg, N., Bird, H., Broberg, A. G., Dobrean, A., Döpfner, M., Erol, N., Forns, M., Hannesdottir, H., Kanbayashi, Y., Lambert, M. C., Leung, P., Minaei, A., Mulatu, M. S., Novik, T., ... Verhulst, F. C. (2007). The Generalizability of the Youth Self-Report Syndrome Structure in 23 Societies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(5), 729-738.