Transformational leadership: is it easy to be visionary and oriented to empowering organization community and distributing leadership? A case study of Lithuanian general education schools

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The article presents a research based on transformational leadership theory. The aim of the research is to establish whether, according to the teachers’ opinion, school principals are visionary in their daily activities, able to empower the school community to act and distribute their leadership. The research method used is a written survey. 379 teachers from 17 Lithuanian general education schools were involved. The research results reveal that teachers believe that the principals are visionaries, however, only some of them are able to empower the school community to act and even less of them are able to distribute their leadership to others. Besides, the research reveals that although transformational leadership is characteristic of school principals, some of its aspects are expressed in daily activities of school principals differently. School principal’s transformational leadership’s some aspects depend on the period the school principal has been the head of school, i.e. school principals who have worked in this position from 5 to 10 years tend to be more optimistic when speaking about the future of the school, empower different school teams to act and believe in the talents and unlimited possibilities of each member.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-81
JournalHuman resources management and ergonomics (HRM & E)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015



  • Transformational leadership
  • School principal
  • General education
  • Lithuania

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